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译研人物 | 黎雪莲:亚非对话——误译、矛盾与探索跨种族团结

LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOWENHUAYIYANWANG

ZUOZHE:

2020-03-03

黎雪莲(Selina Lai Henderson):海德堡大学硕士,香港大学博士。2011~2012年曾是斯坦福大学的富布莱特学者。现为昆山杜克大学讲师,杜克大学和昆山杜克大学人文研究中心顾问委员会成员,研究与教授有关美国研究、美国文学和文化历史的课程,同时担任Journal of Transnational American Studies副主编。著作Mark Twain in China于2015年由斯坦福大学出版社出版。

ZAI3YUE23RIJUBANDE“ZHONGGUOXUESHUTUSHUDUIWAIFANYIYUCHUBANLUNTAN”SHANG,LIXUELIANYI“‘ZHONGGUOSHIYUZHOUZHIMI’:1936NIANHE1959NIANDUBOYISIDELIANGCIZHONGGUOZHIXING”WEIZHUTIJINXINGLEYINGWENYANJIANG,JIYUTAZHENGZAIYANJIUDEYILANSIDUN·XIUSI(Langston Hughes)HEDUBOYISI(Du Bois)DUOCIZHONGGUOZHILVWEIJICHUKAOCHAZHONGFEIWENXUEGUANXIDEXIANGMU,FENXIANGLETADEZUIXINGUANDIAN。


杜波依斯两次中国之旅——曾经是“宇宙之谜”、现在是“奇迹”


杜波依斯是美国黑人民权运动的先驱、黑人教育之父,也是哈佛大学第一个取得博士学位的非裔美国人。他研究泛非洲主义和泛亚洲主义,以及反抗欧美环球霸权的亚非同盟。

1936NIAN,DUBOYISIDIYICILAIDAOZHONGGUO,ZHENGZHIZHONGRIGUANXIRIYIJINZHANGZHIJI。TAZAIZHONGGUOTINGLIU10TIANZUOYOU,YOULILEDALIAN、BEIJING、SHANGHAI、HANGZHOUDENGDI。BEIJINGDEYOUZHANGLISHIWENMINGJITALIUXIALESHENKEYINXIANG。TAJUEDEZHANGCHENGBIJUNSHITANDINGBAOHAIYAOHONGWEI,TACHENGBEIJINGDEDADACHENG“JIDUDANSHENGSHIYIYOUQIANNIANLISHI,CHENGJISIHANDINGDOUSHIYIYOULIANGBAINIANLISHI”。TABAZHONGGUOCHENGZUO“YUZHOUZHIMI”(the riddle of the universe),ZHEIZUODONGFANGQIJINGWEISHIJIEDEZHONGZUYUZHONGZUZHUYIWENTITIGONGLEYIZHONGDAAN。

ERDANG1959NIANDUBOYISIZAICILAIDAOZHONGGUOSHI,TADUIZHONGGUODEKANFAFASHENGLEXIJUXINGDEZHUANBIAN。YINWEIZHONGGUOBUZAISHIGEJUZHIDI。ZHONGGUO,CENGJINGSHI“YUZHOUZHIMI”,XIANZAISHI“QIJI”。ZAIZHEICIFANGWENZHONG,DUBOYISIHAIZAIBEIJINGDAXUEFABIAOLEJIANGHUA。TAQIANGDIAO,ZHONGFEIDEHUOBANGUANXIDUICUJINSHIJIEYOUSEMINZUDEFAZHANZHIGUANZHONGYAO,TAGULITONGGUOWENHUAHEJINGJIJIAOLIUKAIZHANZHONGFEIHEZUO。

 

《黑人的灵魂》汉译本误译——折射亚非研究领域内的复杂关系

黎雪莲以杜波依斯的著作《黑人的灵魂》(The Souls of Black Folk)的汉译本为例,举例说明《黑人的灵魂》的第一部中文译本反映了当时译者对黑人经历的理解不足。该书在杜波依斯访华期间由维群翻译。现在的中译本很好地翻译了这本书的语言、流畅度和意义表达,但有趣的是,译者似乎没有领会杜波依斯在书开头段落所传达的“黑人问题”。以下为原文的开头几行:

Between me and the other world there is ever an unasked question: unasked by some through feelings of delicacy; by others through the difficulty of rightly framing it. All, nevertheless, flutter round it. They approach me in a half-hesitant sort of way, eye me curiously or compassionately, and then, instead of saying directly, How does it feel to be a problem? they say, I know an excellent colored man in my town…

SUIRANZHEIDUANHUADEDABUFENZHONGWENFANYIDOUHENZHUNQUE,DANZUIHOUYIGEWENJUDEFANYIQUEMEIYOUQIEZHONGYAOHAI,YINWEI“How does it feel to be a problem?”BEIQUJIECHENGLE:

“Why has it become a problem”? (WEISHENMEZHEIHUICHENGWEIYIGEWENTI)

WENJUBENSHENTURANCONGXUSHUZHEDEHEXINSHENFENZHONGFENLICHULAI,“it”ZHEIGECIBUZHICONGHEERLAI,RANGDUZHEXIANGZHIDAOWENTIDAODISHISHENME。FANYIZHONGHAIQUDIAOLE“feel”ZHEIGECI,BOLILESHUOHUARENDEQINGGANLIANXI。ZAIYUANWENZHONG,SHUOHUARENBIAODALEZUOWEIMEIGUOHEIRENDESHENKEJINGLI。

CHULEDUIFEIYIMEIGUORENJINGLILEJIEBUZUDAOZHIDEWUYI,HAIYINWEIQUEFA“soul”DENGCIDEDUIDENGZHONGWENCIHUIERLINGFANYIBIANDEGENGJIAFUZA。ZAIZHONGWENBANZHONG,“the soul of the black artist”BEIFANYICHENG“HEIRENYISHUJIADEXINZHONG”。“SIXIANG”HE“XIN”DOUMEIYOUCHONGFENTIXIANLE“soul”DEYUANBENYISI。DAN“soul”YICIZAIHANYUZHONGDEZHIYIYEBUDENGTONGYUYINGYU。

LIXUELIANCENGXIANGBUSHAOZHONGGUOXUESHENGXUNWENLEGUANYU“soul”DEKANFA,TAMENDOUBIAOSHI,YUZHIDUIYINGDE“LINGHUN”ZHIDESHI“SIHOUSHENGHUO”。YIGEXUESHENGSHUO,“NIDESIHOUSHENGHUOKEHAOKEHUAI,ZHEIJIUSHIWEISHENMEWOMENYOUTIANTANGHEDIYU!”JIANERYANZHI,YONGHANYUZHONGDE“LINGHUN”ZHEIGECILAIXINGRONGXIANZAIHAIHUOZHEDERENYUJINGSHANGSHUOBUTONG。YIZHEBINGMEIYOUZHIJIEJIANG“soul”YIWEI“LINGHUN”,ERSHIYOUYISHIDIXUANZEJIANG“soul”DEYIYIFENHUACHENGRENDESIXIANGHERENDEXINLING,SHITUWEIZHONGGUODUZHEJIESHIQINEIZAIYIYI。

 

ZONGERYANZHI,DUBOYISI1959NIANFANGHUASHIZHONGFEIGUANXIDEGUANJIANSHIKE。DUBOYISIRENWEIZHONGGUOSHIMINZHUDELINGYIZHONGMOSHI,ZHONGGUORENSHIDAOFEIYIMEIGUORENDEJINGLITONGYANGSHIYUOUMEIDIGUOZHUYIHEZIBENZHUYIDEDOUZHENG。SUIRANZHONGFEISHUANGFANGDOUKEWANGKUAZHONGZUTUANJIE,DANZAIDUIZHONGZUFENJIEXIANDACHENGPUBIANLIJIEDEGUOCHENGZHONGZHONG,SHUANGFANGDENULIDOUBANSUIZHEWUJIE、WUYIHEMAODUN。DANSHI,TONGGUOTANSUOSHUANGFANGZHIJIANBUDUANXIESHANGDEGUOCHENG,WOMENLILIJIEYAFEIYANJIULINGYUNEIDEFUZAGUANXIYOUJINLEYIBU。


责任编辑:王晓可