亚博体亚博信誉有保障

王佐良:翻译者,必须是一个真正意义的文化人

LAIYUAN:FENGHUANGWANGDUSHUPINDAO

ZUOZHE:YILIXIN

2020-08-10

王佐良:一个真正意义的文化人

文/易立新 

20200810王佐良.jpg

WANGZUOLIANG


ZAIRENMENDEYINXIANGZHONG,WANGZUOLIANGXIANSHENGSHIYINGGUOWENXUEYANJIUDEJIDACHENGZHE,YINWEITACENGZHUCHIGUOJIAZHONGDIANSHEKEXIANGMU——HAOHAOWUJUANBENDE《YINGGUOWENXUESHI》,BINGZHUYOU《YINGGUOSHISHI》、《YINGGUOLANGMANZHUYISHIGESHI》、《YINGGUOSANWENDELIUBIAN》、《SHASHIBIYAXULUN》DENGKANGDINGZHIZUO。WANGXIANSHENGHAIXIECHENGLEDALIANGYOUGUANYINGYUYUYANYANJIU、BIJIAOWENXUEYANJIUDELUNWEN、SUIBI,BINGYOUZIJIDESHIGECHUANGZUO。ZAIFANYILILUNHESHIJIANFANGMIAN,TATONGYANGCHENGJIUZHUOZHU。YINGGAISHUO,TADUIFANYIYOUZHETESHUDEGANQING。TACENGSHUO:“WOSHIXIHUANFANYIDE,YOUSHIHOU,DANGWOXIEWANLEYIPIANSUOWEIDE‘YANJIU’LUNWEN,WOZONGSHIGANDAO:YUQILUNSHUYIGEWAIGUOZUOJIA,BURUBATADEZUOPINFANYIYIDIANGUOLAI,YEXUDUIDUZHEGENGYOUYONG。”YOUYUZAIWENXUE、YUYANXUE、ZHEXUEYIJIXIFANGWENHUADENGFANGMIANZAOYIJISHEN,SUOYI,TACONGSHIFANYISHI,YEJIUZIRANDEXINYINGSHOU,YOURENYOUYU。


WANGZUOLIANGZUIZAODEWENXUEFANYIHUODONGSHIYUXINANLIANDARENJIAOSHI,SHOUKEZHIYUJIANGCAOYUDEDAIBIAOZUO《LEIYU》YICHENGYINGWEN。JINGUANSHIGANGGANGSHEZUFANYILINGYU,DANYIXIANSHICHUZAIZHEIFANGMIANBUFANDECAIHUA。ZAIZHEIYISHIQI,TAHAIFANYIGUOQIAOYISIDEDUANPIANXIAOSHUOJI《DOUBOLINREN》。YIHANDESHI,DANGSHIZHENGCHUYUZHANLUANSHIQI,YIGAOBUXINGSUIZHANHUOHUAWEIHUIJIN。WANGZUOLIANGYISHENGYIZUOYISHIHESANWENWEIZHU。ZAISANWENFANGMIAN,TAYIGUOPEIGENDE《SUIBI》ZHONGDEBUFENPIANZHANG。SUIRANZHIYILESHAOSHUJIPIAN,DANSHIPIANPIANJINGMIAO,KANCHENGSANWENFANYIDEDIANFANZHIZUO。LINGWAI,TAHAIXUANYIGUOYINGGUOSANWENJIAKEBEITEDE《QIMAXIANGXINGJI》。KEBEITEDEWENZHANGCENGSHOUDAOMAKESIDESHENGZAN,WANGZUOLIANGSHIFENXIAI。TADEYIWENTONGYUANZUOYIYANGZHIPOYOULI,SANFAZHETUDIDEFANGXIANG。DANGRAN,WANGZUOLIANGZUIWEIQINGXINDEHAISHIYINGGUOSHIGE,SUOYIYINGSHIFANYIHENDUO,CHUBANGUO《PENGSISHIXUAN》、《SUGELANSHIXUAN》、《YINGGUOSHIWENXUANYIJI》DENG。JIUSHIRENERLUN,YIPENGSIHESUGELANSHIRENMAIKEDIERMIDEJIAODUO。ZHEISHITASHIFENXIAIDELIANGWEISHIREN。QITASHIRENDEZUOPIN,RUXUELAI、HUAZIHUASI、BULAIKE、YEZHIDENGDENG,YOUYUXIEWENXUESHISHIXUYAOYINYONG,YEYILEBUSHAO。CHUCIZHIWAI,WANGZUOLIANGHAICONGSHIGUOWEISHUBUSHAODEFEIWENXUEZUOPINFANYI:50NIANDAICHUCANJIAGUO《MAOZEDONGXUANJI》DEYINGYI,70NIANDAIMO,CANYUZHUCHIBIANXIEGONGCHENGHAODADE《HANYINGCIDIAN》,QIZHONGSHEJIDALIANGFANYIGONGZUO。

FANYIHUODONGBANSUILEWANGZUOLIANGYISHENGDEWENXUEYANJIUSHENGYA,TAYIBIANFANYI,YIBIANSIKAO,BUDUANZONGJIEZIJIDEFANYIJINGYAN,TANSUOFANYILILUN。QILILUNLUNSHUZHUYAOSHOUJIZAI《FANYI:SIKAOYUSHIBI》HE《LUNXINKAIDUAN:WENXUEYUFANYIYANJIUJI》ZHONG。WANGZUOLIANGDEYANJIUFENGFULEXINSHIQIDEFANYILILUN。TAZUIZAOCONGWENTIXUEJIAODUHEWENHUABIJIAODEJIAODULUNSHUFANYIWENTI,WEIDANGSHIBINGBUSHIFENHUOYUEDEFANYILILUNYANJIUDAILAILEXINQIXIANG。


翻译者必须是一个真正意义的文化人


GUANYUFANYIYUWENHUADEGUANXIWENTI,ZAI《FANYIZHONGDEWENHUABIJIAO》YIWENZHONG,TATICHU:FANYIZHEBIXUSHIYIGEZHENZHENGYIYIDEWENHUAREN。FANYISUOMIANDUIDESHIYUYANWENTI,DANSHIRUGUOYIGEYIZHEBULEJIEYUYANZHONGDESHEHUIWENHUA,NEIMETAYEWUFAZHENZHENGZHANGWOYUYAN。“TACHULIDESHIGEBIEDECI,TAMIANDUIDEZESHILIANGDAPIANWENHUA。”YIZHESHOUXIANYAOSHENRULEJIEZIJIMINZUDEWENHUA。QICI,HAIDELEJIEWAIGUOWENHUA,BAOKUOYIGUODELISHI、FENGSUXIGUAN、JINGJIJICHU、QINGGANSHENGHUO、ZHEXUESIXIANG、KEJICHENGGUODENGDENG。BUJINRUCI,TAHAIYAOBUDUANBALIANGZHONGWENHUAJIAYIBIJIAO,YINWEIYIWENYUYUANWENDEDUIDENGCI,YINGGAISHIZHENZHENGDEDUIDENG,JIZAIGEZIWENHUALIDEHANYI、ZUOYONG、FANWEI、GANQINGSECAIDOUXIANGDANG。WANGZUOLIANGHAIYANJIUGUOYANFUDEFANYILILUNYUSHIJIAN,ZHICHUZHENGSHIYOUYUYANFULEJIEXIFANGZIBENZHUYIWENHUA,TONGSHIMOTOULEZHONGGUOSHIDAFUDEXINZHIQIHOU,CAITOUQISUOHAO,YONGDIANYADEGUWENLAIYI《TIANYANLUN》,YIYINQISHIDAFUMENDEXINGQU。YINWEIYIYUYUYUANYUWENHUASHANGDEJUDACHAYI,SUOYITABUZHUZHANGCIDUICIDEYIFA,SHENZHIJUDUIJUDEYIFA,ERSHIYAOZHUYIXUNYISHANGDEDANWEI,LIRUDUANLUO,NAIZHIZHENGPIANWENZHANG。CHULEZHEIXIEJUYOUKAITUOXINGDELILUNWAI,GUANYUFANYIDEQITAWENTI,WANGZUOLIANGYETICHULEZIJIDUDAODEZHUZHANG。ZEQIYAODIAN,LIEJURUXIA:


YI、GAIZHIYIZEZHIYI,GAIYIYIZEYIYI,RENHECHENGGONGDEFANYIDOUSHIZHIYIYUYIYIDEJIEHE。

ER、YIZHEZHIYINGGAIYIYUZIJIFENGGEXIANGJINDEZUOPIN。RUGUOWUSUOBUYI,BIRANDAOZHILIEYI。

SAN、YIQIEZHAOYUANZUO,YASURUZHI,SHENQIANRUZHI,KOUQIRUZHI,WENTIRUZHI。

SI、YIZHEYAOBUDUANCHUILIANZIJIDEHANYU,SHIZHICHUNJINGERYOURUILI。


NEIME,WANGZUOLIANGYOUSHIRUHEZAIFANYIZHONGSHIJIANZIJIDEZHUZHANGDENI?WOMENBUFANGYITAYIDEPEIGENDEMINGPIAN《TANDUSHU》WEILI,LVEJIASHANGXI。


Studies serve for delight,for ornament,and for ability.Their chief use for delight is in privateness and retiring;for ornament,is in discourse;and for ability,is in the judgment and disposition of business.


DUSHUZUYIYIQING,ZUYIBOCAI,ZUYIZHANGCAI。QIYIQINGYE,ZUIJIANYUDUCHUYOUJUZHISHI;QIBOCAIYE,ZUIJIANYUGAOTANKUOLUNZHIZHONG;QIZHANGCAIYE,ZUIJIANYUCHUSHIPANSHIZHIJI。


DANKANZHEIYIWEN,JIUSHIYIDUANJUEMIAODIANYADESANWEN。LVEDAIGUFENGERYOUMINGBAICHANGDA,QIANCILIANJUWUBUQIADAOHAOCHU。PIEKAIYUANWEN,ZHUANDUYIWEN,YESHIYIZHONGXIANGSHOU。SHIXIADEGEZHONGFANYI,YOUJIRENNENGDADAORUCIJINGJIE?RANERYIWENBINGBUSHITUOLIYUANZHUERRENYIFAHUI。QIAQIAXIANGFAN,YIWENYUYUANWENKANCHENGSHUIRUJIAORONG,ZHULIANBIHE,WUYICHUBUTIEQIE。YONG“YIQING”YI“delight”,YONG“BOCAI”YI“ornament”,YONG“ZHANGCAI”YI“ability”,ZHEIXIEDOUBUSHIJIANDANDEZHIYI,ERSHISHENKELINGHUIYUANZUOHOUJIAYIBIANTONG,ZAIHANYUZHONGZHAOCHUZUIQIADANGDEZIYAN。TONGYANG,YONG“DUCHUYOUJU”、“GAOTANKUOLUN”、“CHUSHIPANSHI”FENBIEDUIYING“privateness and retiring”、“discourse”、“the judgment and disposition of business”,SUIRANBUSHIZIZIDUIYING,DANWUBUQIADAOHAOCHU。ZAIJUSHIANPAISHANG,YONG“QIYIQINGYE,ZUIJIANYU······ZHISHI;QIBOCAIYE,ZUIJIANYU······ZHIZHONG;QIZHANGCAIYE,ZUIJIANYU······ZHIJI”SANGEPAIBIJUYUYUANWENXIANGHUYING,QIARUQIFENDIZAIXIANLEYUANZUODELUNBIANQISHI。PEIGENSHI17SHIJIDEZHEXUEJIAHESANWENJIA,XIANGDUIYUXIANDAIYINGYUERYANTADEYINGWENDANGRANBIJIAOGUYA,YINERWANGZUOLIANGDEYIWENYONGDESHIQIANJINDEWENYAN,ERZHEXIANGDEYIZHANG。PEIGENDEWENBIJIANLIAN,RANERLITOUZHIBEI,BULUNYIXIAOYUDAHUOYIDAYUXIAO,DOUNENGBIANPIRULI。WENZHONGJINGJUDIECHU,FUSHIJIESHI。ZHEIYANGDEWENZHANGYAOZAIHANYUZHONGZAIXIANQISHENYUN,TANHERONGYI,RANERWANGZUOLIANGZUODAOLE。“DUSHISHIRENMINGZHI,DUSHISHIRENLINGXIU,SHUXUESHIRENZHOUMI,KEXUESHIRENSHENKE······”,YIWENJINGLIANZHIZHI,BUTONGYANGCHENGLEJIAYUHUXIAODEMINGYANLEMA?QISHIZHEIYANGDEJINGJUZAIYIWENZHONGBIBIJIESHI,HAOXIANGYIZHEXINSHOUNIANLAI:“DUSHUFEISHIGUODUOYIDUO,WENCAIZAOSHITAISHENGZEJIAO,QUANPINGTIAOWENDUANSHINAIXUEJIUGUTAI”,“DUSHUSHIRENCHONGSHI,TAOLUNSHIRENJIZHI,BIJISHIRENZHUNQUE”。KEWEIZHENZHENGZUODAOLE“YIQIEZHAOYUANZUO,YASURUZHI,SHENQIANRUZHI,KOUQIRUZHI,WENTIRUZHI。”



DANGRAN,WANGZUOLIANGGENGXIHUANSHIGE,SUOYISHIGEFANYIGENGDUO。TADUILUOBOTE·PENGSIHEXIU·MAIKEDIERMIDESIHUGEWAIPIANAI。ERWEISHIREN,YIWEISHENGHUOZAIZAOQILANGMANZHUYIDE18SHIJI,YIWEIZEWEI20SHIJIDEXIANDAISHIREN。BUGUOERRENGONGTONGZHICHUQUEBUSHAO:DOUSHENGYUSUGELAN,DOUYONGSUGELANFANGYANXIESHI。GENGZHONGYAODESHI,ERRENZAIYUYANDEYUNYONGSHANGJICHUNPOYOUXINXIAN,JIJUGANRANLI。ZHEIZHENGSHIWANGZUOLIANGSUOXINSHANGHEZHUIQIUDEFENGGE——XINXIANERYOURUILI。ZHEILIYETIXIANLETADEFANYIZHUNZE:YAOXUANZEYUZIJIFENGGEXIANGJINDEZUOPINLAIYI。ZAIYIPENGSIDEMINGSHI《WODEAIRENXIANGDUOHONGHONGDEMEIGUI》(My Love Is Like a Red,Red Rose)WEILI,KANYIKANWANGZUOLIANGYISHIDETEDIAN。


O,my love is like a red,red rose,

That's newly sprung in June.

O,my love is like the melodie,

That’s sweetly play'd in tune.

As fair art thou,my bonie lass,

So deep in love am I,

And I will love thee still,my dear,

Till a’the seas gang dry.


HE,WODEAIRENXIANGDUOHONGHONGDEMEIGUI,LIUYUELIYINGFENGCHUKAI;

HE,WODEAIRENXIANGZHITIANTIANDEQUZI,ZOUDEHEPAIYOUHEXIE。


WODEHAOGUNIANG,DUOMEMEILIDERENER!

QINGKANWO,DUOMESHENZHIDEAIQING!

QINAIDE,WOYONGYUANAINI,

ZONGSHIDAHAIGANHESHUILIUJIN。


YISHIMEIYOUCAIQUTONGCHANGDEYIDUNDAIBUDEFANGFA,DANSHIDATISHANGBAOCHIZISHUYUYUANSHIXIANGDANG,XINGSHISHANGLIQIUJIEJIN。PENGSIDESHIFUYUYINLEXING,SUOYIYISHIBAOLIUJIAOYUN。ZHEISHOUSHISHIGENJUSUGELANMINGEGAIBIANERCHENG,GUSHIZHONGDUOSUGELANFANGYAN,YISHIYEYONGMINGEDEDIAOZI,SHIFENTONGSU,DUOYONGDIECIRU“HONGHONG”、“TIANTIAN”,TONGYANGMINGEHUA。YUANSHIYUYANQINGXIN、ZIRAN、MINGBAIRUHUA,YISHIYETONGYANGQINGCHE、LIUCHANG、HAOWUHUALIDIAOSHIZHIGAN。WANGZUOLIANGRENWEIXINGXIANGSHISHIGEYUYANLIZUIZHONGYAODECHENGFEN,ZHEISHISHIRENZUIWEIKANZHONGDE,SUOYIYISHIBIXUGAODUZHONGSHI,JIBUYAOPOHUAIYUANSHIZHONGDEXINGXIANG。RANERYOUYUYIYUYUYUANYUZAIBUTONGWENHUAZHONGKENENGCUNZAIJUDACHAYI,SUOYIJINJINZIMIANSHANGDEZHONGSHIBUYIDINGNENGBAOLIUZHUYUANSHIDEXINGXIANG。LIRUZHEISHOUSHIZHONGDEXINGXIANG——HAISHUIKUJIE,YANSHIRONGHUA——ZAIYUANSHILI,ZAIXIFANGDEWENHUAHUANJINGLI,SHIXINXIANDE,JUYOUBIAOXIANLIDE。RUGUOBUJIASISUODIYICHENG“HAIKUSHILANBUBIANXIN”,NEIJIUSULE,YINWEI“HAIKUSHILAN”ZHEIYICHENGYUZAIHANYUHEZHONGGUOWENHUALIYIBUXINXIAN,YISHICHENCILANDIAO。SUOYIWANGZUOLIANGBUYONGZHEIYICHENGYU,ZHIJIEYICHENG“DAHAIGANHESHUILIUJIN”,FANERNENGBAOCHIYUANSHIDEXINGXIANG。


WANGZUOLIANGYIGUANZHUZHANGZHUZHONGXINGSIDETONGSHI,GENGZHUZHONGQUANSHIDEZHENGTIXIAOGUO,JIZUOPINDEYIJING、QIFEN。RUGUOMOUXIEXINGSIDEXIJIEBUZUYICUCHENGZONGDEXIAOGUO,NEIMEKEYIGENJUYUYANTEDIANJIAYIBIANTONG,YIBAOCHIQUANSHIZHENGTISHANGDESHENSI。ZHEISHOUSHIZHONGLINGWAILIANGXINGZHONGJIUYOUBIANTONG:


And I will love thee still,my dear,

While the sands O‘life shall run.

QINAIDE,WOYONGYUANAINI,ZHIYAOWOYIXIYOUCUN。


ZAIYINGYULI,“the sands O’life”JIUSHICHENGYU。“sands”ZHIGUOQUJISHIDESHALOU,ZHEILIYINSHENWEI“SHIJIAN”,ZHEIZAIPENGSISHIYONGSHIYIBUXINXIAN,ERHANWENHUALIMEIYOUSHALOUJISHIDEDUIYINGSHUOFA,SUOYIYISHILIBINGMEIYOUCHUXIANZHEIYIYISHIQUXINXIANGANDEXINGXIANG。ZAIWANGZUOLIANGKANLAI,YISHOUSHI,YIBUZUOPINJINGGUOFANYI,GURANYUYUANZUOYOUXUEYUANGUANXI,DANSHIJISHANGTUOLILEMUTI,HUODELEZIJIDESHENGMING,CHENGLEYIGEDULIDESHITI。WENXUEFANYIDECHUANGZAOXING,YEZHENGTIXIANZAIZHEILI。


WANGZUOLIANGXIANSHENGSUIRANSHISHILE,DANWULUNZAIYINGGUOWENXUEYANJIU,HAISHIZAIFANYILILUNYUSHIJIANDENGFANGMIAN,DOUJIWOMENLIUXIAFENGFUDEYICHAN,ZHIDEWOMENQUXINSHANGHEYANJIU。WANGZUOLIANGXIANSHENGYISHENGCONGSHIJIAOYUSHIYEHEXUESHUYANJIU,TAHUIRENBUJUANDEYURENJINGSHENHEYANJINQIUSHIDEZHIXUETAIDU,YEJIANGYONGYUANSHIHOULAIRENDEKAIMO。


责任编辑:罗雨静