亚博体亚博信誉有保障

历久弥新:中国史诗外译传播的多维思考

LAIYUAN:ZHONGGUOSHEHUIKEXUEWANG

ZUOZHE:HUANGXIN

2020-12-28

ZHONGGUOSHISHIWENHUAFENGHOU,NEIHANBODA,SHIZHONGHUAWENHUADUOYANGXINGYUZHENGTIXINGDEZHONGYAODAIBIAO。ZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYISHISHISHIWENHUAJISHENGUOJISHISHIHUAYUTIXIDEYIZHONGWENHUACHUANBOXINGWEI,DUICHUANCHENGHEHONGYANGZHONGHUAMINZUCHUANTONGWENHUA、BAOZHANGGUOJIAWENHUAZIYUANANQUANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。

重视史诗外译人才

SHOUXIAN,YIZHESHISHISHIWAIYIHUODONGDEZHONGYAOZHUTI,YESHIDUIWAICHUANBODEZHONGYAOCANYUZHE。ZHONGGUOSHISHISHIFOU“CHUAN”DEYUAN,NENGFOU“BO”RUSHOUZHONGDENEIXIN,HENDACHENGDUSHANGQUJUEYUYIZHENENGLI。SHISHIWAIYIDETESHUXINGYAOQIUSHISHIWAIYIZHEYONGYOUBIPUTONGWENXUEFANYIGENGGAODENENGLISUYANG。QICI,SHISHIWAIYIYIBANHUISHEJISHOUJI、ZHENGLIHEFANYIDENGFUZAHUANJIE,YIZHEHENKENENGYESHISHISHIZILIAODESHOUJIZHENGLIZHE。ZAITIANYEDIAOCHAGUOCHENGZHONG,YIZHESHENFENHUIYINGXIANGSHISHIZILIAOTIGONGZHEDESHENFENRENTONG,YIJISHILIAOTIGONGDEWANZHENGXINGYUZHUNQUEXING;QUESHAOMINZUWENHUAJIDIANHEMINZUYUYANNENGLI,HAIKENENGZAOCHENGDUISHISHIDEQUJIE,JINERYINGXIANGSHISHIWAIYIHECHUANBODEZHILIANG。ZAICI,YIZHEJIYAOKAOLVSHISHIJIAZHI,YEYAOBAWOSHIDAICHAOLIU;JIYAOCHONGDANGYIWEN“ZHONGSHIDUIDENG”DEJIANKONGZHE,YOUYAOBANYANXINXICHUANBODE“SHOUMENYUAN”,ZAIWENHUAYUPIANCHUANGJIANYUWAIYICHUANBODEGUOCHENGZHONGQIDAO“GUOLV”HE“SHAIXUAN”DEZUOYONG。

DANGQIAN,ZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYIDESHULIANGYANZHONGZHIHOUYUZHONGGUOSHISHIDETILIANG,ZHUYAOYUANYINZAIYUZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYIRENCAIDEBUZU。WEICI,XIANGGUANJIGOUYAOHONGGUANGUIHUA、ZHENGHEXIANYOUFANYIYANJIUTUANDUI,JIANGSHISHIWAIYIRENCAI,YOUQISHIJINGTONGYUANYUYAN、MUBIAOYUYANYIJIZHONGJIEYUYANDEBENTUHUAFANYIRENCAINARUGUOJIARENCAIXUQIUPEIYANGJIHUA,DAJIANLIANGHAODEZHENGCEPINGTAI,LIANHEHAIWAIHANXUEJIAGONGTONGPEIYANG,KAIZHANZHONGWAIHEZUODESHISHIWAIYIMOSHI。

正确认识翻译机制

SHOUXIAN,CONGFANYIZHUANHUANJIZHILAIJIANG,ZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYIBAOHANZHIJIEFANYIHEJIANJIEFANYILIANGDALEI。ZHIJIEFANYITONGCHANGWEIMINZUZHIFANYIDEFANGSHI,RUJIANGKOUCHUANSHISHIZHIJIEFANYIWEIWAIYU;JIANJIEFANYIJIUSHIJIEZHUZHONGJIEYU(TONGCHANGWEIHANYU)WAIYIWEIQITAYUYAN。YINGGUOZHUMINGFANYIJIADAINAIDIEDEYINGYIBEN《ASHIMA》、MEIGUOBENDEERDEQUANYIBEN《MILUOTUO》YIJIYIJIANGBIANJIACUOHANYUCHUANGYIBEN《GESAERWANGCHUAN》WEIYUANBENDEYINGYIBEN,JUNSHUJIANJIEFANYI。ZAIDANGQIANZHONGGUOWENHUA“ZOUCHUQU”DEDABEIJINGXIA,JIANJIEFANYIDUIKOUCHUANSHISHIYEJIWEIZHONGYAO,YINWEIZHEILEISHISHIDADUOMEIYOUMINGQUEDEZUOZHE,YECUNZAIQUESHAOTONGYIYUANCHUANGWENBENDESHISHI。NEIZHONGQIANGDIAO“YUANWENZHISHANG”DECHUANTONGFANYILINIANYIBUNENGMANZUKOUCHUANSHISHIDEFANYI。

QICI,ZHONGXINLIJIE“ZHONGSHIDUIDENG”DEWAIYIYUANZE。DIYI,BUGUOFENQIANGDIAO“ZHONGSHIDUIDENG”。GENJUFANYISHIYONGMUDE,SHISHIWAIYIZUOPINKEFENWEIWUTAIZAIXIANXING、XUESHUYANJIUXINGYIJIDAZHONGPUJIXING。WUTAIZAIXIANXINGFANYIYAOQIUZHONGDIANGUANZHUKOUCHUANWENXUEDEYISHUXING,ZHUZHONGYIJIEKOUCHUANWENXUEBIAOYANDEQINGJINGYUJINGYIJISHUOCHANGYIREN(HUOBIAOYANZHE)SUOCHENGXIANDEYANYUHEFEIYANYUNEIRONG;XUESHUYANJIUXINGFANYIZHONGDIANGUANZHUMINZULISHIHEWENHUANEIHAN,DUOYIZHUSHIDUIBIQUANSHIDEXINGSHICHENGXIAN;DAZHONGPUJIXINGFANYIZHUYAOGUANZHUSHOUZHONGRENZHINENGLIHEKEJIESHOUDUDEWENTI,YIYIGUIHUAFANYIWEIZHU。DUIYUFEIXUESHUXINGDESHISHIWAIYI,FEIYANGEYIYISHANGDE“ZHONGSHIDUIDENG”,SHENZHI“LINGGANXINGFANYI”YEYINGDANGYUYIBAORONGHUOLIJIE,ZHEIYESHIDANGQIANZHONGGUOSHISHIWENHUABAOHU、CHUANCHENG、WAIYIYUCHUANBODEQUANYIZHIJI。DIER,YUNXUJIEYI、CHUANGYIYIJIFUYIDENGFANYIFANGSHIDUOYUANCUNZAI。SHISHIWAIYIYESHIYIZHONGQIYUEXINGWEI,JINRUXIAOSHOUSHICHANGDESHISHIZUOPINJUBEISHANGPINSHUXING,GUANZHUJIAODIANHUIYOU“ZHONGSHIDUIDENG”DEXUESHUWENTIZHUANWEI“KEHUXUQIU”DESHICHANGWENTI。YINCI,JIEYI、CHUANGYIYIJIFUYIDENGFANYIFANGSHIJISHIYIZHEZHUTIXINGDEHELIZHANGYANG,YESHIGAIBIANZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYICHUANBOBEIDONGJUMIANDEZHONGYAO“CELVE”。DUIBUFENSHISHIDEWAIYIERYAN,BUDANYOU“TIANBUKONGBAI”DELISHIXINGGONGNENG,SHENZHIHAIYOUSHIBANGONGBEIDECHUANBOXIAOGUO——ZUIMINGXIANDEJIUSHINENGGOURANGYUWAIDUZHEGENGZAODILEJIEZHONGGUOSHISHI,《BULUOTUOSHISHI》(ZHUANGHANYINGSANYUDUIZHAO)JIUSHI“TIANBUKONGBAI”DEYOULIZUOZHENG。

鼓励多元化传播

SHISHIWAIYICHUANBOXIAOGUOZUIDAHUA,JIUSHIRANGCHUANBOZHEHEJIESHOUZHEBICI“RENTONG”ERXINGCHENG“YIZHIXING”,HUOCHENG“GONGSHI”。ZHEIZHONG“GONGSHI”YOUQUJUEYU“CHUANBOSHENME”HE“ZENYANGCHUANBO”。“CHUANBOSHENME”ZHUYAOYOUSHANGWENTIJIDEYIZHE(BAOHANYIZHENENGLI、YIZHESHENFEN、YIZHEXINGWEI)HEFANYIMUDELAIJUEDING;“ZENYANGCHUANBO”CHULEQUJUEYUFANYIJIZHI,HAIYOUMUBIAOSHOUZHONGHECHUANBOCHUANGYIJUEDING。SHUODAODI,SHISHIWAIYICHUANBOXUYAOCHONGFENKAOLVSHOUZHONGDEDUOCENGCIXING,GULIYIBENDEDUOYUANXING。

CONGKONGJIANHENGXIANGLAIKAN,TONGYISHIDAIYOUBUTONGDESHOUZHONG,RUYANJIUZHE、PUTONGDUZHEHEQITATESHUQUNTI,TAMENWANGWANGJUYOUBUTONGRENZHINENGLIHEYUEDUXIGUAN。WEILEZUIDAHUADIJIANQINGSHOUZHONGDEYUEDUFUHE,SHISHIWAIYIWENBENXUYAOGUANZHUMUDEYUSHOUZHONGDEJIESHOUDU,CAIQUBIYAOFANYISHOUDUAN(SHENZHIBAOKUOXUANYONGBUTONGDEYUTIHUOWENTI)LAIBIMIANWUJIEYUCHONGTU,BIRUFAGUORENYALISHANDA·DAWEI-NIERYONGXIAOSHUOTILAIGAIYISHISHI《GESAER》。ZHEIZHONGGAIYIJISHIKAOLVMUBIAOSHOUZHONGDEBIAOXIAN,YESHICHUANBOCHUANGYIDEYIZHONGXINGSHI。QITALEISIDEHAIBAOHANYIZHUSHIDEFANGSHIBIJIAOQUANSHISHISHISUOYUNHANDEWENHUACHAYI,QIMUDEZHIZAIBANGZHUMUBIAOSHOUZHONG“DUIDENG”DILIJIEYUXINSHANGBUTONGDEMINZUWENHUA。

CONGSHIJIANZONGXIANGLAIKAN,BUTONGSHIDAIYOUBUTONGDESHOUZHONG,TONGYIYIBENBUNENGMANZUBUTONGLISHISHIQIBUTONGDUZHEXUQIU,ZHEIYUWAIGUOZUOPINCHUXIANDUOGEZHONGWENYIBENTONGLI。ZUOWEISHISHIWAIYIDEYIZHE,ZONGHUIQUANHENGSHEHUILISHIYUJING、SHIDAIZHUTI、SHIXUEGUIFAN、FANYIMUDE、ZANZHURENYIJICHUANBOXIAOGUODENGGEZHONGYINSUSUODAILAIDELIBI,BINGZAIBOYIZHONGCHUXIANDUISHISHIDEDUOYUANCHANSHI。YIZHE,BENSHENYESHIDUZHE,QIDUOYUANCHANSHIJISHISHISHIJINGDIANXINGDEBENZHIFANYING,YESHICHUANBOCHUANGYIDEBIAOXIAN。RUMEIGUODAOGELASI·PANNIKEDE《GESAER》,QI“SANYUNJIEHE”DESUOYIFANGSHIJIUSHIYIZHONGCHUANBOCHUANGYI,FANGBIANMEIYOUZANGXUEHEMENGGUXUEWENHUABEIJINGDESHOUZHONGYUEDU。

ZHIDEYITIDESHI,BUTONGLISHISHIQI、BUTONGYUYANXINGSHI、BUTONGYIZHEHUODUZHEDEDUOZHONGJIEDUCHENGJIULESHISHIDEJINGDIAN。JINGDIANWENZHANGXUYAOJINGDIANYIWEN,SHISHIWAIYICHUANBOSHIYIGEYOUBIANYUANJIANJINZHONGXINDEMANZHANGGUOCHENG,YINGDANGYUNXUBINGGULICUNZAICHIXUDE、DUOYUANDEFANYIJIEDU。《MANASI》《ASHIMA》《BULUOTUOSHISHI》HE《GESAER》DOUYOUDUOGEYIBEN,CONGDUOYUANJIEDUYUMANZUBUTONGDUZHEXUQIUDEJIAODUJIANG,TAMENDOUSHIZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYIDEDIANFAN。

开展可持续研究

ZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYICHUANBOJUYOUGUANGFANXINGHECHIXUXINGDETEZHENG,XIANGGUANYANJIUYOUQISHILILUNYANJIUHAICUNZAIZHIHOUXING。WEICI,WOMENYAOCONGYIXIASIGEFANGMIANNULI。

SHOUXIAN,YAOJINKUAIXISHOUHEJIEJIANGUOWAISHISHIFANYIHEYANJIUCHENGGUO,TIGAOSHISHIWAIYIZHILIANGHEYANJIULIDU,JIAQIANGZHONGGUOSHISHIYANJIUDEGUOJIHEZUO——JIYAOLIZUZHONGGUOWENHUA“ZOUCHUQU”SHIDAIBEIJING,YOUYAOJIEHESHISHIQUANQIUDE、QUYUDEHEDIFANGDESANDACHUANTONG,NULIWEISHIJIESHISHIFANYIYANJIUTIGONGXINDEFANLI。

QICI,JIJIKAIZHANSHISHIWAIYICHUANBOKECHIXUYANJIU,YISHISHIXUE、RENLEIXUE、SHIXUE、SHEHUIXUE、MINZUXUEHEYIJIEXUEDENGKUAXUEKEFANGSHI,YANJIUSHISHIWAIYICHUANBOGUIJI、CHUANBOSHOUDUAN、CHUANBOXIAOGUOYIJIWAIYIJIZHIYUWAIYICELVEDENG,DONGCHASHISHIWAIYICHUANBODEBIANYIXIANXIANG,YIJIBUTONGYIBENYUTEDINGSHIDAI、SHEHUIWENHUAZHIJIANDEFUZAGUANXI。

ZAICI,TONGCHOUZHUANXIEZHONGGUOSHISHIFANYISHI、ZHONGGUOSHISHIWAIYISHI、ZHONGGUOSHISHICHUANBOSHI、ZHONGGUOSHISHISHUOCHANGYIRENSHIDENG。TONGSHI,ZAISHILIAOWENXIANXUANQUBIAOZHUNFANGMIAN,YAOCHONGFENKAOLVYIZUOPINGLUN、SHEHUIYINGXIANGHEMINZUZHIZHUSHIDENGFUWENBENXINXI,BINGJIANGSHISHIFANYIJIAOXUE、YIYUANPEIXUN、SHUOCHANGYIRENPEIYANGYIJIXIANGGUANFANYIYANTAONARUSHISHIFANYIJIAOXUESHI。

ZUIHOU,CHIXUKAIZHANMINZUZHIYANJIUXINGFANYI,CHANGDAOZAIWAIYIBENZHONGZENGJIAZHURUYANCHANGZILIAO、YANCHANGYISHIHEJIYINFANGANDENGYANSHENGWENBENXINXI,ZAIZHANGXIANXUESHUYANJIUZHUZUOGUIFANJIEGOUYUGESHIDEGUOCHENGZHONGBAOCHISHISHIWAIYICHUANBOYUYANJIUDEKECHIXUXING。


(ZUOZHEHUANGXIN,DANWEI:XINANJIAOTONGDAXUEWAIGUOYUXUEYUAN)

责任编辑:罗雨静